The thyroid is located at the base of the throat. This small gland secretes numerous hormones the body needs for proper development as well as regulating body temperature and metabolism. When this gland becomes overactive, it produces more hormones than the body needs for normal function.
Many people with hyperthyroidism are severely fatigued because the rush of hormones can cause insomnia. The hormones also cause tremors and diarrhea in addition to acting on the circulatory system to elevate heart rate and raise blood pressure. The additional stress on the system can make patients with this condition feel exhausted even though they are sleeping through the night.
Blood tests can usually confirm a physician’s diagnosis of hyperthyroidism. People suffering with this condition have abnormally high levels of TSH, which stimulates the gland to release more hormones. Graves’ disease is a hereditary autoimmune condition that causes this type of hyperactivity. Nodules or inflammation can also lead to hyperthyroidism.
The physician may prescribe methimazole or propylthiouracil to patients with hyperthyroidism. Both of these drugs can prevent hormone production but they can also have serious side effects in some individuals. Surgery to remove a portion or the entire gland and the ingestion of radioactive iodine, are additional ways to treat this disease. Beta-blockers can be effective for controlling problems associated with increased heart rate but have no effect on the hormone levels.
Anyone who feels overly fatigued despite getting eight hours of sleep a night may be suffering with hyperthyroidism. A licensed doctor can offer solutions for people with overactive thyroid glands. The health care provider can determine the cause and treat the patient based on those findings in addition to the individual’s overall health and age.
A San Jose Thyroid Doctor Can Treat Locals For Sleepiness
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